Physical properties of thermoplasics

Low density

 

High density

 

Polypropylene

 

PVC

 

Co-Polyester

 

 

Polyethylene

 

Polyethylene

 

 

 

 

Polyamide

 

 

PP

 

rigid

 

PETG

 

LDPE

 

H DPE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

natural colour

 

transparent

 

translucent white

 

transparent

 

crystal clear

 

crystal clear

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

state at 20 °C

 

flexible

 

flexible/rigid

 

flexible/rigid

 

brittle/

 

brittle/

 

 

 

 

impact resistant

 

impact resistant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

specific weight at 20 °C

 

approx. 0,92

 

approx. 0,95

 

approx. 0,905

 

approx. 1,38

 

approx. 1,25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

shore hardness 20 °C

 

approx. 90

 

approx. 95

 

approx. 100

 

approx. 100

 

approx. 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

tear strength at 20 °C

 

approx. 10 N/mm2

 

approx. 20 N/mm2

 

approx. 30 N/mm2

 

approx. 50 N/mm2

 

approx. 50 N/mm2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

elongation at 20 °C

 

approx. 500 %

 

approx. 500 %

 

approx. 650 %

 

approx. 30 %

 

approx. 15 %

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

water absorption

 

traces

 

traces

 

traces

 

traces

 

traces

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

diffusion

 

hydrocarbons

 

hydrocarbons

 

hydrocarbons

 

hydrocarbons

 

hydrocarbons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This information only provides a general indication.

up to 0,5 mm wall thick- ness crystal clear

flexible/tough vulnerable to folding

approx. 1,12

approx. 100

approx. 45 N/mm2

approx. 200 %

high

water, hydrocarbons

Polycarbonate

crystal clear

flexible/rigid

approx. 1,2

approx. 100

approx. 60 N/mm2

approx. 100 %

traces

water, hydrocarbons

Chemical

 

 

 

non oxidising alkalis, organic solvents,

 

 

 

resistant against

 

excl. chlorinated hydrocarbons; it is advisable to

 

see LDPE/HDPE

properties of

 

 

 

 

 

 

carry out storage tests for testing diffusion

 

 

thermoplasics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

not resistant against

 

oxidising acids, oils,

 

oxidising acids,

 

oxidising acids,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fats, chlorinated

 

chlorinated

 

oils, fats, chlorina-

 

 

 

 

hydrocarbons

 

hydrocarbons

 

ted hydrocarbons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This information only provides a general indication, storage tests are recommended.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Applications

 

container size

 

0,001 to 1000 l

 

0,001 to 3000 l

 

0,01 to 120 l

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cosmetic

 

see LDPE, aromatic

 

cosmetic

 

 

type of contents

 

 

 

preparations,

 

 

 

preparations, food-

 

hydrocarbons, oils,

 

 

 

 

 

 

foodstuffs

 

 

 

 

stuffs and chemicals

 

fats

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

and chemicals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

transformation of

 

none caused by the material itself, possibly due to diffusion

 

 

contents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

printing options

 

Screen printing

 

Screen printing

 

Screen printing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

engraving suitability

 

good

 

good

 

very good

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

operational temperature

 

-40 °C to 95 °C

 

-40 °C to 110 °C

 

0 °C to 130 °C

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

acids, alkalis, petrol,

 

petrol, oils, fats,

oil, fats, terpentine,

 

 

terpentine

alcohol

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

esters, ketone, benzene,

 

esters, ketone,

chlorinatid hydrocarbons,

 

benzene, chlorina-

hydrogene sulphide

 

ted hydrycarbons

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,01 to 5 l

 

0,01 to 1 l

 

 

 

 

 

 

wash polish, petrol,

 

cosmetic

oils, fats, shoecream,

 

 

preparations,

cosmetic preparations,

 

 

foodstuffs

foodstuffs

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

Screen printing

 

Screen printing

 

 

 

 

 

 

vulnerable to cracking

 

vulnerable to cracking

around sharp edges

 

around sharp edges

 

 

 

 

 

 

-30 °C to 70 °C

 

0 °C to 65 °C

 

 

 

petrol, benzene,

 

 

chlorinated hydro-

 

weak acids

carbons, oils, fats

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

alkalis, strong acids,

acids, alkalis,

 

esters, ketone, benzene,

alcohol, water

 

chlorinated

 

 

hydrocarbons

 

 

 

0,01 to 60 l

 

0,01 to 30 l

 

 

 

 

 

 

petrol, oils, fats,

 

cosmetic

stain remover

 

preparations,

(tri, tetra)

 

foodstuffs

 

 

 

 

 

 

drying out without

 

none caused by

becoming moist due

 

material itself, possi-

to diffusion of water

 

bly due to diffusion

 

 

 

 

 

 

Screen printing

 

Screen printing

 

 

 

 

 

 

vulnerable to cracking

 

vulnerable to cracking

around sharp edges

 

around sharp edges

 

 

 

 

 

 

0 °C to 80 °C

 

-40 °C to 115 °C

 

 

 

25

general in thermoplastics for sheet Data